There are two categories of research methods: quantitative and qualitative.
Quantitative data collection usually involves numbers, graphs and charts, whereas, qualitativedata collection methods deals with feelings and other non-quantifiable elements.
The most popular qualitative methods of data collection and analysis are interviews, focus groups, observation, case studies, games and role playing etc.
Popular quantitative methods of data collection and analysis, on the other hand, include correlation analysis, regression analysis, mean, mode and median and others.
Questionnaires can be used as qualitative, as well as, quantitative method. Specifically, if open-ended questions are used qualitative methods will be used for data analysis. Alternatively, if questionnaire consists of closed-ended questions, then quantitative approach is adopted for data analysis.
b. Explain how various methods are used to conduct research in sociology.
Code of Ethics Assignment Directions:
- Conduct Sociological Research
by Questionaire (Structured Interview)
SD School Sociology Program
Program 3: Research & Societies
Structured Interview Assignment Directions:
Key Ethical Considerations Before Conducting Research
c. Evaluate the strengths and weakness of the methods of sociology research
d. Explain the importance and influence of ethics in guiding research and data collection in sociology.
At the micro level, researchers should consider their own conduct and the rights of individual research participants.
At the meso level, researchers should consider the expectations of their profession and of any organizations that may have funded their research.
At the macro level, researchers should consider their duty to and the expectations of society with respect to social scientific research.
a. Identify the major research methods used in sociology.
Conduct a Sociological Observation
It's full steam ahead into the sociology research process. Let's say you have a theory about how the world works. Now what? Time to do a little research. You'll find out how sociologists create a hypothesis, search for literature and observe their subjects. Then we'll travel back in time as we cover the different types of societies that have existed throughout history, like hunter/gatherer societies.