A public education rapid transit system

b. Compare and evaluate the theoretical perspectives of Structural Functionalism, Symbolic Interaction, and Conflict Theory​

Symbolic interactionism is built to deal with micro questions, unlike the other two paradigms that seem to focus more on the macro. It focuses more on individual interactions and the meaning they attach to them. It understands society as a product of everyday interactions, specifically the shared reality people create through their interactions.

Conflict Theory​ 

There Are Three Major Theoretical Paradigms

The three paradigms are structural functionalism,

conflict theory, and

symbolic interactionism.


Understanding what a paradigm is will help you to understand why they’re so important in sociology. The three major sociological paradigms help sociologists to look at society from many different perspectives. Each paradigm has its advantages and disadvantages, but all of them are necessary to understand how society works.

Conflict theory looks at society as different groups struggling over resource scarcity. This paradigm is the opposite of the first one. It looks at the way people’s conflicting ideas shape society.

Structural Functionalism Theory​ 

Structural Functionalism - Conflict Theory - Symbolic Interactionism

Symbolic Interactionist Theory​ 

In structural functionalism, society is seen as a complex system whose parts work together to promote stability and social order. This is the paradigm that looks at society as a well-oiled machine. One of the disadvantages of this approach is that it looks at change as something that is threatening to the success of society.

Social Theories of Structural Functionalism, Symbolic Interaction, and Conflict Theory​ - an Overview

Sociological Perspectives and Theorists​ 

a. Explain and apply the theoretical perspectives of Structural Functionalism, Symbolic Interaction, and Conflict Theory.

Unit 1: Foundations a​​nd Research

​SSSocFR3: Theoretical Perspectives

  • a. Explain and apply the theoretical perspectives of Structural Functionalism, Symbolic Interaction, and Conflict Theory.
  • b. Compare and evaluate the theoretical perspectives of Structural Functionalism, Symbolic Interaction, and Conflict Theory​